HITRUST vs. SOC 2: Comprehensive Comparison for Businesses

Explore the key differences between HITRUST and SOC 2. Find out which framework is best suited for your organization’s compliance needs.

Navigating the complex data security and privacy landscape is a top priority for businesses worldwide. Compliance frameworks provide much-needed structured guidelines, ensuring companies uphold the highest standards in these areas. Among the myriad frameworks available, HITRUST (Health Information Trust Alliance) and SOC 2 (Service Organization Control 2) are leading choices for many enterprises. 

As we journey through this article, we'll comprehensively compare these two pivotal plans. By understanding their unique attributes and applications, businesses can more effectively ascertain what integrates smoothly with their operational requirements and compliance goals.

Detailed Comparison of HITRUST and SOC 2 

The table below compares both compliance frameworks so businesses can make the right decision when choosing between them.

Primary FocusComprehensive data protection, especially in healthcareControls related to security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy
OriginHealth Information Trust AllianceAmerican Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
ScopeBroad, suitable for various industries but with a strong emphasis on healthcareSpecific to service organizations handling customer data
ComponentsRisk management, information protection, and complianceFive Trust Service Criteria (TSC): security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy
CertificationHITRUST CSF CertificationSOC 2 Type I and Type II reports
Assessment FrequencyTypically every two yearsType I: Point in time; Type II: Over a specified period (usually 6-12 months)
CostIt can be higher due to its comprehensive natureVaries based on the scope, size of the organization, and the assessment duration
RecognitionHighly recognized in healthcare and increasingly in other sectorsWidely recognized across various industries, especially in tech and cloud services   
CustomizabilityPrescriptive framework with specific controls and benchmarks          Flexible as it allows firms to define their rules based on the TSC
Primary BenefitProvides a standardized approach to compliance across various regulations Offers assurance to stakeholders and customers about data handling practices           

HITRUST and SOC 2 are robust compliance plans designed to address the evolving data security and privacy challenges. While the former offers a more prescriptive approach, especially beneficial for healthcare entities, the latter provides flexibility, allowing businesses to tailor their controls based on their needs. The choice between the two often hinges on the industry, the nature of the data handled, and specific business requirements.


As highlighted above, this is an all-encompassing security strategy aimed at safeguarding confidential data, particularly in healthcare. Created in partnership with experts in both the medical and information security fields, the plan tackles the specific hurdles associated with protecting patient information.

The HITRUST Common Security Framework (CSF) provides companies with a clear roadmap to achieve data protection compliance, integrating various regulatory requirements into a single harmonized set of controls.

Key Components and Principles of the HITRUST Framework

Here are some of its key components and principles:

  • Risk Management: It emphasizes a risk-based approach, letting firms prioritize safety according to their specific threats.
  • Regulatory Integration: The framework consolidates various regulatory requirements, including HIPAA, NIST, and ISO, into a cohesive set of controls.
  • Scalability: Depending on the size, type, and complexity of a business, it can be adjusted to fit different operational needs.
  • Benchmarking: Firms can assess their security posture against industry standards and improve based on feedback.
  • Assurance Program: It offers a certification program that provides third-party validation of an organization's compliance with the CSF.

Industries and Businesses That Commonly Use HITRUST

While this security plan was initially developed with healthcare in mind, its comprehensive nature has made it appealing to various other sectors. Today, industries such as finance, retail, and technology are also adopting it. In other words, any business that manages, processes, or stores sensitive data, especially personal health information (PHI), can benefit from implementing HITRUST to ensure robust data protection and regulatory compliance.

Benefits of HITRUST

This framework offers a multitude of benefits for organizations, particularly those in healthcare. Below are some of the primary advantages:

  • Enhanced Data Protection: At the heart of HITRUST lies its commitment to safeguarding personal information. The framework's rigorous controls and standards ensure organizations implement best practices to protect data from breaches, unauthorized access, and other threats. By complying, businesses can confidently manage and store private data, reducing the risk of costly data breaches and ensuring the integrity of their information.
  • Industry Recognition and Trust: The certification is a mark of excellence in data security, especially within the healthcare sector. Organizations that attain this certification indicate to partners, stakeholders, and clients that data security is a top priority for them. This recognition fosters trust, making it easier for businesses to establish partnerships and expand their clientele.
  • Streamlined Compliance Processes: A significant attribute is its capability to consolidate various regulatory mandates into a singular framework. Enterprises can now sidestep the intricacies of multiple rules as they are provided with an integrated guide that simplifies the process, conserves both time and resources, and ensures that all regulatory aspects are addressed.

What Is SOC 2?

SOC 2 is a cybersecurity compliance framework created by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). It is based on five trust principles: security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy. It ensures that a company's information security measures align with today's cloud standards' unique requirements and policies.

The Trust Service Criteria of SOC 2

The Trust Service Criteria (TSC) of SOC 2 forms the backbone of this auditing standard, focusing on non-financial reporting controls within an organization. These criteria are meant to evaluate the design and operational effectiveness of a system's controls. They are divided into five primary categories:

  • Security: This criterion is foundational to the TSC. It emphasizes protecting system resources from unauthorized access, breaches, and intrusions. 
  • Availability: It ensures that systems, products, and services are operational and accessible as promised or stipulated in agreements. This encompasses network uptime, performance monitoring, and disaster recovery measures, ensuring minimal disruptions in service.
  • Processing Integrity: It focuses on the accuracy and reliability of system processing and ensures that operations occur in a manner that's complete, valid, accurate, timely, and authorized. 
  • Confidentiality: Information deemed confidential, whether business data or intellectual property, needs safeguarding. This ensures that such data is accessed and disclosed only to authorized parties, preserving the trust of stakeholders and clients.
  • Privacy: With growing concerns around personal data, the privacy standard addresses how personal information is managed throughout its lifecycle. This includes its collection, use, storage, and disposal, ensuring it aligns with an organization's privacy notice and the standards set by the AICPA.

Industries and Businesses That Commonly Use SOC 2 

While SOC 2 can benefit any service provider storing customer data, it's particularly relevant for technology and cloud computing entities. Software as a Service (SaaS) providers, information centers, payment processors, and IT-managed services are some of the companies that frequently seek SOC 2 compliance. Doing so can assure their clients and stakeholders that they maintain the highest standards in handling and protecting client data.

Benefits of SOC 2

The SOC 2 framework offers numerous benefits that can enhance an organization's security, compliance, and overall business operations. Here are some of the key advantages:

  • Assurance for Stakeholders and Customers: In an era where data breaches are increasingly common, SOC 2 provides a badge of trust. Companies with the report demonstrate a commitment to high data security and privacy standards. This assurance builds confidence among stakeholders and customers, knowing their information is handled carefully and diligently.
  • Flexibility in Demonstrating Controls: Unlike some rigid compliance schemes, SOC 2 offers flexibility. It can be modified based on the TSC relevant to business operations. This adaptability ensures that firms can address their unique risks and challenges while adhering to industry-recognized standards.
  • Continuous Monitoring and Improvement: SOC 2 isn't just a one-time assessment. Especially with Type II reports, companies undergo evaluations over a specified period, ensuring that controls are not only in place but are also effective over time. This continuous monitoring fosters a culture of ongoing improvement, prompting businesses to regularly refine and enhance their security and privacy measures.

Choosing the Right Framework for Your Business

Selecting the appropriate compliance framework is pivotal for businesses aiming to safeguard their data and maintain trust with stakeholders. Several factors play a crucial role in this decision:

  • Industry: Every industry comes with its unique challenges and regulatory requirements. For instance, while the financial sector might be more concerned with transactional integrity and fraud prevention, the healthcare industry prioritizes patient data protection. Therefore, medical service providers, who are obligated to protect sensitive patient data and adhere to regulations such as HIPAA, frequently opt for HITRUST due to its all-encompassing focus on healthcare requirements. Contrarily, tech companies might lean towards plans that offer flexibility in demonstrating varied controls, such as SOC 2.
  • Data Sensitivity: The type and sensitivity of data an organization handles are pivotal in framework selection. Companies dealing with highly sensitive information, be it health records, financial details, or personal identifiers, need robust security to prevent breaches. The more sensitive the data, the more rigorous and comprehensive the compliance plan should be to ensure its protection.
  • Customer Requirements: Beyond internal considerations, external pressures can influence the choice of a framework. If a business's clientele predominantly belongs to a sector that values a particular compliance standard, it becomes imperative to align with those expectations. Customers and partners might have stipulations in contracts or agreements mandating adherence to specific schemes, reflecting their compliance needs or industry norms.
  • Regulatory Landscape: Regulatory requirements aren't static; they evolve in response to technological advancements, industry shifts, and societal changes. Organizations must stay abreast of these changes to make sure they remain compliant. Adopting a safety plan that integrates multiple regulations or can adapt to new ones ensures that businesses are always a step ahead, mitigating risks associated with non-compliance.

Get Expert Compliance Services With Eden Data 

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  • Seed Plan: This is more than a starting point; it's your entry into a world of guaranteed compliance. Navigate through SOC 2, ISO 27001, HIPAA, HITRUST, and beyond with our expert guidance. Ideal for organizations that are serious about meeting regulatory standards.
  • Sprout Plan: Think of this as your security team, but amplified. Perfect for businesses who are ready to take their security and compliance up a notch. Our experts seamlessly integrate with your existing team, boosting your defenses and elevating your compliance game.
  • Sapling Plan: This is the complete package – a 360-degree approach to compliance, security, and privacy. Here, we don the hats of your Data Protection Officers, aligning your business with international data security regulations. It's not just about compliance; it's about peace of mind.

So, are you ready to raise the bar on your cybersecurity compliance? Level up your security stance with Eden Data. Choose your plan today.


HITRUST and SOC 2 are pivotal frameworks for businesses committed to safeguarding sensitive information while navigating data security and compliance. HITRUST, with its comprehensive design, is especially favored by the healthcare sector, while SOC 2's flexibility appeals predominantly to service organizations in technology. The decision between these two hinges on various determinants: industry-specific requirements, data sensitivity levels, customer preferences, and the dynamic regulatory backdrop. Hence, it's crucial for businesses to conduct thorough assessments, understand their requirements, and, when needed, seek guidance from industry experts like Eden Data

Frequently Asked Questions 

What is the difference between SOC 2 and HITRUST?

SOC 2 focuses on data security, while HITRUST provides a comprehensive framework primarily for healthcare data protection and compliance.

Is HITRUST the same as SOC 2?

No, they are distinct frameworks. While both address data security, HITRUST is healthcare-centric, and SOC 2 is tailored for service organizations.

What is HITRUST in cybersecurity?

It is a security framework designed to ensure the protection of personal healthcare data, offering standardized compliance by integrating various regulatory requirements.

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